Divided court denies emergency request for an injunction barring enforcement of the most restrictive abortion measure since 1973.
The Supreme Court of the United States has refused to block a Texas law banning abortion after six weeks of pregnancy.
The judges voted 5-4 early on Thursday to deny an emergency appeal from abortion providers and others that sought to block enforcement of the law.
The so-called Heartbeat Act, which went into effect on Wednesday, amounts to a near-total ban on abortion in Texas.
Signed by Republican Governor Greg Abbott in May, the law prohibits abortions once medical professionals can detect cardiac activity, usually about six weeks and before most women know they are pregnant.
Abortion rights groups say such a ban has never been permitted in any state since the Supreme Court decided Roe v Wade, the landmark ruling that legalised abortion nationwide in 1973.
The Supreme Court said its ruling does not make any conclusions on the constitutionality of the Texas law and allows legal challenges to the legislation to move forward.
“In reaching this conclusion, we stress that we do not purport to resolve definitively any jurisdictional or substantive claim in the applicants’ lawsuit,” the majority said in the unsigned order.
“In particular, this order is not based on any conclusion about the constitutionality of Texas’s law, and in no way limits other procedurally proper challenges to the Texas law, including in Texas state courts.”
Chief Justice John Roberts, Justice Stephen Breyer, Justice Sonia Sotomayor and Justice Elena Kagan dissented.
Sotomayor called the majority’s decision “stunning”.
“Presented with an application to enjoin a flagrantly unconstitutional law engineered to prohibit women from exercising their constitutional rights and evade judicial scrutiny, a majority of justices have opted to bury their heads in the sand,” she said in her dissenting opinion.
Abortion providers challenging the law have vowed to “keep fighting this ban until abortion access is restored in Texas”.
In a statement early on Thursday after the high court’s action, Nancy Northup, the head of the Center for Reproductive Rights, said her organisation was “devastated that the Supreme Court has refused to block a law that blatantly violates Roe v Wade”.
“Right now, people seeking abortion across Texas are panicking – they have no idea where or when they will be able to get an abortion, if ever,” she said. “Texas politicians have succeeded for the moment in making a mockery of the rule of law, upending abortion care in Texas, and forcing patients to leave the state – if they have the means – to get constitutionally protected healthcare. This should send chills down the spine of everyone in this country who cares about the constitution.”
US President Joe Biden meanwhile called the law “extreme” and said it “blatantly violates the constitutional right established under Roe v Wade and upheld as precedent for nearly half a century”.
“My administration is deeply committed to the constitutional right established in Roe v Wade nearly five decades ago and will protect and defend that right,” he said in a statement before the Supreme Court decision.
In Texas, Julia Kaye, a lawyer with the American Civil Liberties Union’s Reproductive Freedom Project, told Al Jazeera there was “devastation and chaos” in Texas as a result of the ban.
“There are thousands of pregnant Texans who are sitting at their kitchen tables trying to crunch the numbers and figure out how they can possibly travel hundreds of miles out of state, in order to get time-sensitive medical care,” she said.
Communities of colour and low-income Texans would be hardest-hit by the new law, she added.
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